Semen analysis, is a test that measures the quality and quantity of sperm in a man’s semen. The test is typically used to evaluate a man’s fertility, but it can also be used to monitor the effectiveness of fertility treatments or to determine the cause of infertility.
The Semen analysis process involves collecting a sample of semen and examining it under a microscope to assess the quantity, motility, and morphology of the sperm. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of the process:
Step 1: Preparation: Before the test, the doctor gives instructions on how to prepare. These may include avoiding sexual activity for a period of time (usually 2-5 days) prior to the test, refraining from alcohol and caffeine for a few days before the test, and avoiding the use of lubricants during sex or masturbation leading up to the test.
Step 2: Semen Collection: The semen sample is typically collected by masturbating into a sterile cup provided by the lab. If you’re uncomfortable with this, there are other methods available, such as using a special condom during sex or collecting the semen during intercourse using a special device.
Step 3: Semen Analysis: Once the sample is collected, it’s taken to the lab for analysis. The lab technician will evaluate the sample for the following factors:
Volume: The amount of semen produced.
Concentration: The number of sperm per milliliter of semen.
Motility: The percentage of sperm that are moving and how well they’re moving.
Morphology: The shape and size of the sperm.
Step 4: Results: After the analysis is complete, the doctor reviews the results with the partner. In general, the following parameters are considered normal:
Volume: 1.5 to 5 milliliters
Concentration: 15 million to 200 million sperm per milliliter
Motility: 40% to 60% of sperm should be motile
Morphology: 4% to 14% of sperm should have a normal shape and size
However, it’s important to note that every lab may have slightly different reference ranges for what’s considered normal. The doctor will interpret the results based on the lab’s specific reference ranges and individual circumstances.
If the results of the semen analysis indicate that there may be an issue with fertility, the doctor may recommend further testing or refer to a fertility specialist for treatment.
Therefore the Semen analysis process is a simple and non-invasive test that can provide valuable information about a man’s fertility.
If you have concerns about your fertility, talk to our Specialists at Womb Fertility Center about whether a Semen analysis is right for you.